CRAN Task View: Web Technologies and Services
|Maintainer:||Mauricio Vargas Sepulveda|
|Contact:||mavargas11 at uc.cl|
|Contributions:||Suggestions and improvements for this task view are very welcome and can be made through issues or pull requests on GitHub or via e-mail to the maintainer address. For further details see the Contributing guide.|
|Citation:||Mauricio Vargas Sepulveda (2022). CRAN Task View: Web Technologies and Services. Version 2022-01-23. URL https://CRAN.R-project.org/view=WebTechnologies.|
|Installation:||The packages from this task view can be installed automatically using the ctv package. For example, |
ctv::install.views("WebTechnologies", coreOnly = TRUE) installs all the core packages or
ctv::update.views("WebTechnologies") installs all packages that are not yet installed and up-to-date. See the CRAN Task View Initiative for more details.
This task view contains information about to use R and the world wide web together. The base version of R does not ship with many tools for interacting with the web. Thankfully, there are an increasingly large number of tools for interacting with the web. This task view focuses on packages for obtaining web- based data and information, frameworks for building web-based R applications, and online services that can be accessed from R. A list of available packages and functions is presented below, grouped by the type of activity. The rOpenSci task view: Open Data provides further discussion of online data sources that can be accessed from R.
If you have any comments or suggestions for additions or improvements for this task view, please submit an issue or a pull request in the GitHub repository linked above. If you can’t contribute on GitHub, please send an e-mail to the maintainer address above. If you have an issue with one of the packages discussed below, please contact the maintainer of that package.
Thanks to all contributors to this task view, especially to Scott Chamberlain, Thomas Leeper, Patrick Mair, Karthik Ram, and Christopher Gandrud who maintained this task view up to 2021.
Core Tools For HTTP Requests
There are three main packages that should cover most use cases of interacting with the web from R. crul is an R6-based HTTP client that provides asynchronous HTTP requests, a pagination helper, HTTP mocking via webmockr, and request caching for unit tests via vcr. crul targets R developers more so than end users. httr provides more of a user facing client for HTTP requests and differentiates from the former package in that it provides support for OAuth. Note that you can pass in additional curl options when you instantiate R6 classes in crul, and the
config parameter in httr. curl is a lower-level package that provides a closer interface between R and the libcurl C library, but is less user-friendly. curl underlies both crul and httr. curl may be useful for operations on web-based XML or to perform FTP operations (as crul and httr are focused primarily on HTTP).
curl::curl() is an SSL-compatible replacement for base R’s
url() and has support for http 2.0, SSL (https, ftps), gzip, deflate and more. For websites serving insecure HTTP (i.e. using the “http” not “https” prefix), most R functions can extract data directly, including
read.csv; this also applies to functions in add-on packages such as
XML::parseXML. For more specific situations, the following resources may be useful:
- RCurl is another low level client for libcurl. Of the two low-level curl clients, we recommend using curl. httpRequest is another low-level package for HTTP requests that implements the GET, POST and multipart POST verbs, but we do not recommend its use.
- request provides a high-level package that is useful for developing other API client packages. httping provides simplified tools to ping and time HTTP requests, around httr calls. httpcache provides a mechanism for caching HTTP requests.
- An alternative low-level sockets implementation that can be used to perform HTTP and streaming Websocket requests synchronously or asynchronously over its own concurrency framework is nanonext, which uses the NNG/mbedTLS libraries as backend.
- For dynamically generated webpages (i.e., those requiring user interaction to display results), RSelenium can be used to automate those interactions and extract page contents. It provides a set of bindings for the Selenium 2.0 webdriver using the ‘JsonWireProtocol’. It can also aid in automated application testing, load testing, and web scraping. seleniumPipes provides a “pipe”-oriented interface to the same. rdom uses ‘phantomjs’ to access a webpage’s Document Object Model (DOM).
- For capturing static content of web pages postlightmercury is a client for the web service ‘Mercury’ that turns web pages into structured and clean text.
- Another, higher-level alternative package useful for webscraping is rvest, which is designed to work with magrittr to make it easy to express common web scraping tasks.
- Many base R tools can be used to download web content, provided that the website does not use SSL (i.e., the URL does not have the “https” prefix).
download.file() is a general purpose function that can be used to download a remote file. For SSL, the
download() function in downloader wraps
download.file(), and takes all the same arguments.
- Tabular data sets (e.g., txt, csv, etc.) can be input using
read.csv(), and friends, again assuming that the files are not hosted via SSL. An alternative is to use
RCurl::getURL) to first read the file into R as a character vector before parsing with
read.table(text=...), or you can download the file to a local directory. rio provides an
import() function that can read a number of common data formats directly from an https://URL. The repmis function
source_data() can load and cache plain-text data from a URL (either http or https). That package also includes
source_Dropbox() for downloading/caching plain-text data from non-public Dropbox folders and
source_XlsxData() for downloading/caching Excel xlsx sheets.
- Authentication: Using web resources can require authentication, either via API keys, OAuth, username:password combination, or via other means. Additionally, sometimes web resources that require authentication be in the header of an http call, which requires a little bit of extra work. API keys and username:password combos can be combined within a url for a call to a web resource, or can be specified via commands in RCurl or httr. OAuth is the most complicated authentication process, and can be most easily done using httr. See the 6 demos within httr, three for OAuth 1.0 (linkedin, twitter, vimeo) and three for OAuth 2.0 (facebook, GitHub, google). ROAuth is a package that provides a separate R interface to OAuth. OAuth is easier to to do in httr, so start there. googleAuthR provides an OAuth 2.0 setup specifically for Google web services, and AzureAuth provides similar functionality for Azure Active Directory.
Handling HTTP Errors/Codes
- fauxpas brings a set of Ruby or Python like R6 classes for each individual HTTP status code, allowing simple and verbose messages, with a choice of using messages, warnings, or stops.
- httpcode is a simple package to help a user/package find HTTP status codes and associated messages by name or number.
Parsing Structured Web Data
- XML: There are two packages for working with XML: XML and xml2. Both support general XML (and HTML) parsing, including XPath queries. The package xml2 is less fully featured, but more user friendly with respect to memory management, classes (e.g., XML node vs. node set vs. document), and namespaces. Of the two, only the XML supports de novo creation of XML nodes and documents. The XML2Rpackage is a collection of convenient functions for coercing XML into data frames. An alternative to XML is selectr, which parses CSS3 Selectors and translates them to XPath 1.0 expressions. XML package is often used for parsing xml and html, but selectr translates CSS selectors to XPath, so can use the CSS selectors instead of XPath.
- HTML: All of the tools that work with XML also work for HTML, though HTML is - in practice - more prone to be malformed. Some tools are designed specifically to work with HTML.
xml2::read_html() is a good first function to use for importing HTML. htmltools provides functions to create HTML elements. The selectorgadget browser extension can be used to identify page elements. RHTMLForms reads HTML documents and obtains a description of each of the forms it contains, along with the different elements and hidden fields. htmltidy provides tools to “tidy” messy HTML documents. htm2txt uses regex to converts html documents to plain text by removing all html tags. Rcrawler does crawling and scraping of web pages.
- RSS/Atom: feedeR can be used to parse RSS or Atom feeds. tidyRSS parses RSS, Atom XML/JSON and geoRSS into a tidy data.frame.
- swagger can be used to automatically generate functions for working with an web service API that provides documentation in Swagger.io format.
Tools for Working with URLs
httr::parse_url() function can be used to extract portions of a URL. The
utils::URLencode() functions can be used to encode character strings for use in URLs.
utils::URLdecode() decodes back to the original strings. urltools can also handle URL encoding, decoding, parsing, and parameter extraction.
- iptools can facilitate working with IPv4 addresses, including for use in geolocation. A similar package ipaddress, handles IPv4 and IPv6 addresses and networks.
- urlshorteneR offers URL expansion and analysis for Bit.ly, Goo.gl, and is.gd. longurl uses the longurl.org API to provide similar functionality.
- gdns provides access to Google’s secure HTTP-based DNS resolution service.
Tools for Working with Scraped Webpage Contents
- Several packages can be used for parsing HTML documents. boilerpipeR provides generic extraction of main text content from HTML files; removal of ads, sidebars and headers using the boilerpipe Java library. RTidyHTML interfaces to the libtidy library for correcting HTML documents that are not well- formed. This library corrects common errors in HTML documents. W3CMarkupValidator provides an R Interface to W3C Markup Validation Services for validating HTML documents.
- For XML documents, the XMLSchema package provides facilities in R for reading XML schema documents and processing them to create definitions for R classes and functions for converting XML nodes to instances of those classes. It provides the framework for meta-computing with XML schema in R. xslt is an extension for the xml2 package to transform XML documents by applying an xslt style-sheet. (It can be seen as a modern replacement for Sxslt, which is an interface to Dan Veillard’s libxslt translator, and the SXalan package.) This may be useful for webscraping, as well as transforming XML markup into another human- or machine-readable format (e.g., HTML, JSON, plain text, etc.). SSOAP provides a client-side SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol) mechanism. Beware, SSOAP itself may not install, and/or its dependencies. The best bet is to get the web service maintainers to switch to REST. XMLRPC provides an implementation of XML-RPC, a relatively simple remote procedure call mechanism that uses HTTP and XML. This can be used for communicating between processes on a single machine or for accessing Web services from within R.
- Rcompression (not on CRAN): Interface to zlib and bzip2 libraries for performing in-memory compression and decompression in R. This is useful when receiving or sending contents to remote servers, e.g. Web services, HTTP requests via RCurl.
- webshot uses ‘PhantomJS’ to provide screenshots of web pages without a browser. It can be useful for testing websites (such as Shiny applications).
- securitytxt identifies and parses web Security policy files.
Other Useful Packages and Functions
- Email:: mailR is an interface to Apache Commons Email to send emails from within R. sendmailR provides a simple SMTP client. gmailr provides access the Google’s gmail.com RESTful API. Microsoft365R provides a client for Microsoft’s Outlook email service, both personal (outlook.com) and as part of the Microsoft 365 (formerly known as Office 365) suite.
- Mocking:: webmockr is a library for stubbing and setting expectations on HTTP requests. It is inspired from Rubys
webmock. This package only helps mock HTTP requests, and returns nothing when requests match expectations. webmockr integrates with the HTTP packages crul and httr. See Testing for mocking with returned responses.
- Testing:: vcr provides an interface to easily cache HTTP requests in R package test suites (but can be used outside of testing use cases as well). vcr relies on webmockr to do the HTTP request mocking. vcr integrates with the HTTP packages crul and httr. httptest provides a framework for testing packages that communicate with HTTP APIs, offering tools for mocking APIs, for recording real API responses for use as mocks, and for making assertions about HTTP requests, all without requiring a live connection to the API server at runtime. httptest only works with httr.
- Miscellaneous: webutils contains various functions for developing web applications, including parsers for
application/x-www-form-urlencoded as well as
Web and Server Frameworks
- Model Operationalization (previously DeployR) is a Microsoft product that provides support for deploying R and Python models and code to a server as a web service to later consume.
- The shiny package makes it easy to build interactive web applications with R.
- dash (archived) is a web framework which is available for Python, R and Julia, with components written in React.js.
- Other web frameworks include: fiery that is meant to be more flexible but less easy to use than shiny (reqres and routr are utilities used by fiery that provide HTTP request and response classes, and HTTP routing, respectively); rcloud provides an iPython notebook-style web-based R interface; and Rook, which contains the specification and convenience software for building and running Rook applications.
- The opencpu framework for embedded statistical computation and reproducible research exposes a web API interfacing R, LaTeX and Pandoc. This API is used for example to integrate statistical functionality into systems, share and execute scripts or reports on centralized servers, and build R based apps.
- Several general purpose server/client frameworks for R exist. Rserve and RSclient provide server and client functionality for TCP/IP or local socket interfaces. httpuv provides a low-level socket and protocol support for handling HTTP and WebSocket requests directly within R. Another related package, perhaps which httpuv replaces, is
websockets (retired from CRAN). servr provides a simple HTTP server to serve files under a given directory based on httpuv.
- The WADL package provides tools to process Web Application Description Language (WADL) documents and to programmatically generate R functions to interface to the REST methods described in those WADL documents. (not on CRAN)
- The RDCOMServer provides a mechanism to export R objects as (D)COM objects in Windows. It can be used along with the RDCOMClient package which provides user-level access from R to other COM servers. (not on CRAN)
- rapporter.net provides an online environment (SaaS) to host and run rapport statistical report templates in the cloud.
- radiant is Shiny-based GUI for R that runs in a browser from a server or local machine.
- The ‘Tiki’ Wiki CMS/Groupware framework has an R plugin (
PluginR) to run R code from wiki pages, and use data from their own collected web databases (trackers). A demo: https://r.tiki.org/tiki-index.php .
- whisker: Implementation of logicless templating based on ‘Mustache’ in R. Mustache syntax is described in http://mustache.github.io/mustache.5.html
- CGIwithR (not on CRAN) allows one to use R scripts as CGI programs for generating dynamic Web content. HTML forms and other mechanisms to submit dynamic requests can be used to provide input to R scripts via the Web to create content that is determined within that R script.
Cloud Computing and Storage
- The cloudyr project aims to provide interfaces to popular Amazon, Azure and Google cloud services without the need for external system dependencies.
- Amazon Web Services is a popular, proprietary cloud service offering a suite of computing, storage, and infrastructure tools. aws.signature provides functionality for generating AWS API request signatures.
- Elastic Cloud Compute (EC2) is a cloud computing service. segue (not on CRAN) is a package for managing EC2 instances and S3 storage, which includes a parallel version of
lapply() for the Elastic Map Reduce (EMR) engine called
emrlapply(). It uses Hadoop Streaming on Amazon’s EMR in order to get simple parallel computation.
- DBREST: RAmazonDBREST provides an interface to Amazon’s Simple DB API.
- paws is an interface to nearly all AWS APIs, including compute, storage, databases, and machine learning. It also requires no external system dependencies.
- Azure and Microsoft 365 are Microsoft’s cloud computing services. The Azure platform provides Paas, SaaS and IaaS and supports many different tools and frameworks, including both Microsoft-specific and third-party systems; while Microsoft 365 is a unified framework for accessing cloud data from Microsoft’s Office services, Windows and Dynamics. The AzureR package family aims to provide a suite of lightweight, powerful tools for working with Azure in R. The packages listed below are part of the family, and are also mirrored at the cloudyr project.
- Azure Active Directory (AAD) is a centralized directory and identity service. AzureAuth is an R client for AAD; use this to obtain OAuth tokens for authenticating with other Azure services, including Resource Manager and storage (see next).
- Microsoft Graph is the API framework for the Microsoft 365 platform, including Azure Active Directory and Office. AzureGraph is a low-level extensible R6-based interface to Graph. Microsoft365R is an interface to the Office part of Microsoft 365, including OneDrive and SharePoint Online.
- Azure Resource Manager (ARM) is a service for deploying other Azure services. AzureRMR is an R interface to ARM, and allows managing subscriptions, resource groups, resources and templates. It exposes a general R6 class framework that can extended to provide extra functionality for specific services (see next).
- Azure Storage Accounts are a general-purpose data storage facility. Different types of storage are available: file, blob, table, Data Lake, and more. AzureStor provides an R interface to storage. Features include clients for file, blob and Data Lake Gen2 storage, parallelized file transfers, and an interface to Microsoft’s cross-platform AzCopy command line utility. Also supplied is an ARM interface, to allow creation and managing of storage accounts. AzureTableStor and AzureQstor extend AzureStor to provide interfaces to table storage and queue storage respectively
- AzureVM is a package for creating and managing virtual machines in Azure. It includes templates for a wide variety of common VM specifications and operating systems, including Windows, Ubuntu, Debian and RHEL.
- AzureContainers provides a unified facility for working with containers in Azure. Specifically, it includes R interfaces to Azure Container Instances (ACI), Azure Docker Registry (ACR) and Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS). Create Docker images and push them to an ACR repository; spin up ACI containers; deploy Kubernetes services in AKS.
- Azure Data Explorer, also known as Kusto, is a fast, scalable data exploration and analytics service. AzureKusto is an R interface to ADE/Kusto. It includes a dplyr client interface similar to that provided by dbplyr for SQL databases, a DBI client interface, and an ARM interface for deploying and managing Kusto clusters and databases.
- Azure Cosmos DB is a multi-model NoSQL database service, previously known as Document DB. AzureCosmosR is an interface to the core/SQL API for Cosmos DB. It also includes simple bridges to the table storage and MongoDB APIs.
- Azure Computer Vision and Azure Custom Vision are AI services for image recognition and analysis. Computer Vision is a pre-trained service for handling commonly-encountered tasks, while Custom Vision allows you to train your own image recognition model on a custom dataset. AzureVision provides an interface to both these services.
- googleComputeEngineR interacts with the Google Compute Engine API, and lets you create, start and stop instances in the Google Cloud.
- Cloud Storage: googleCloudStorageR interfaces with Google Cloud Storage. boxr is a lightweight, high-level interface for the box.com API . rdrop2 is a Dropbox interface that provides access to a full suite of file operations, including dir/copy/move/delete operations, account information (including quotas) and the ability to upload and download files from any Dropbox account.
- Docker: analogsea is a general purpose client for the Digital Ocean v2 API. In addition, the package includes functions to install various R tools including base R, RStudio server, and more. There’s an improving interface to interact with docker on your remote droplets via this package.
- crunch provides an interface to the crunch.io storage and analytics platform. crunchy facilitates making Shiny apps on Crunch.
- rrefine provides a client for the ‘Open Refine’ (formerly ‘Google Refine’) data cleaning service.
Document and Code Sharing
- Code Sharing: gistr works with GitHub gists (gist.github.com ) from R, allowing you to create new gists, update gists with new files, rename files, delete files, get and delete gists, star and un-star gists, fork gists, open a gist in your default browser, get embed code for a gist, list gist commits, and get rate limit information when authenticated. git2r provides bindings to the git version control system and gh is a client for the GitHub API. gitlabr is a ‘GitLab’-specific client.
- Data archiving: dataverse ( ) provides access to Dataverse 4 APIs. rfigshare connects with Figshare.com . dataone provides a client for ‘DataONE’ repositories.
- Google Drive/Google Documents: The RGoogleDocs package is an example of using the RCurl and XML packages to quickly develop an interface to the Google Documents API. RGoogleStorage provides programmatic access to the Google Storage API. This allows R users to access and store data on Google’s storage. We can upload and download content, create, list and delete folders/buckets, and set access control permissions on objects and buckets.
- Google Sheets: googlesheets4 (replaces
googlesheets) can access private or public ‘Google Sheets’ by title, key, or URL. Extract data or edit data. Create, delete, rename, copy, upload, or download spreadsheets and worksheets. gsheet can download Google Sheets using just the sharing link. Spreadsheets can be downloaded as a data frame, or as plain text to parse manually.
- imguR is a package to share plots using the image hosting service Imgur.com. knitr also has a function
imgur_upload() to load images from literate programming documents.
- Teams, SharePoint and OneDrive: Microsoft365R provides an interface to these services, which form part of the Microsoft 365 (formerly known as Office 365) suite.
Data Analysis and Processing Services
- Geospatial/Geolocation/Geocoding: Several packages connect to geolocation/geocoding services. rgeolocate offers several online and offline tools. rydn (not on CRAN) is an interface to the Yahoo Developers network geolocation APIs, and ipapi can be used to geolocate IPv4/6 addresses and/or domain names using the http://ip-api.com/ API. opencage provides access to to the ‘OpenCage’ geocoding service. nominatim (not on CRAN) connects to the OpenStreetMap Nominatim API for reverse geocoding. PostcodesioR (not on CRAN) provides post code lookup and geocoding for the United Kingdom. geosapi is an R client for the ‘GeoServer’ REST API, an open source implementation used widely for serving spatial data. geonapi provides an interface to the ‘GeoNetwork’ legacy API, an opensource catalogue for managing geographic metadata. ows4R is a new R client for the ‘OGC’ standard Web-Services, such Web Feature Service (WFS) for data and Catalogue Service (CSW) for metadata.
- Machine Learning as a Service: Several packages provide access to cloud-based machine learning services. OpenML is the official client for the OpenML API. clarifai is a Clarifai.com client that enables automated image description. rLTP accesses the ltp-cloud service. languagelayeR is a client for Languagelayer, a language detection API.
googlepredictionapi (not on CRAN, but available from Google): is an R client for the Google Prediction API, a suite of cloud machine learning tools. yhatr lets you deploy, maintain, and invoke models via the Yhat REST API. datarobot works with Data Robot’s predictive modeling platform. mscsweblm4r interfaces with the Microsoft Cognitive Services Web Language Model API and mscstexta4r uses the Microsoft Cognitive Services Text Analytics REST API. rosetteApi links to the ‘Rosette’ text analysis API. googleLanguageR provides interfaces to Google’s Cloud Translation API, Natural Language API, Cloud Speech API, and the Cloud Text-to-Speech API. AzureVision provides interfaces to the Azure Computer Vision and Custom Vision image recognition services.
- Machine Translation: RYandexTranslate connects to Yandex Translate. transcribeR provides automated audio transcription via the HP IDOL service.
- Document Processing: abbyyR and captr connect to optical character recognition (OCR) APIs. pdftables uses the PDFTables.com webservice to extract tables from PDFs.
- Online Surveys: qualtRics provide functions to interact with ‘Qualtrics’. WufooR can retrieve data from Wufoo.com forms. redcapAPI and REDCapR can provide access to data stored in a REDCap (Research Electronic Data CAPture) database, which is a web application for building and managing online surveys and databases developed at Vanderbilt University. formr facilitates use of the ‘formr’ survey framework, which is built on openCPU. Rexperigen is a client for the Experigen experimental platform .
- Visualization: Plot.ly is a company that allows you to create visualizations in the web using R (and Python), which is accessible via plotly. googleVis provides an interface between R and the Google chart tools. The RUbigraph package provides an R interface to a Ubigraph server for drawing interactive, dynamic graphs. You can add and remove vertices/nodes and edges in a graph and change their attributes/characteristics such as shape, color, size.
- Other :
- rrefine can import to and export from the ‘OpenRefine’ data cleaning service.
Social Media Clients
- Rfacebook provide an interface to the Facebook API.
- The Rflickr package provides an interface to the Flickr photo management and sharing application Web service. (not on CRAN)
- instaR is a client for the Instagram API .
- Rlinkedin is a client for the LinkedIn API. Auth is via OAuth.
- rpinterest connects to the ‘Pinterest’ API.
- vkR is a client for VK, a social networking site based in Russia.
- meetupr is a client for the Meetup.com API.
- Twitter: twitteR provides an interface to the Twitter web API. It claims to be deprecated in favor of rtweet. twitterreport (not on CRAN) focuses on report generation based on Twitter data. streamR provides a series of functions that allow users to access Twitter’s filter, sample, and user streams, and to parse the output into data frames. OAuth authentication is supported. graphTweets produces a network graph from a data.frame of tweets. twitter_ideology implements a political ideology scaling measure for specified Twitter users.
- brandwatchR is a package to retrieve a data from the Brandwatch social listening API. Both raw text and aggregate statistics are available, as well as project and query management functions.
- hackeRnews is a client for the Official Hacker News API .
Web Analytics Services
- Google Trends: gtrendsR offers functions to perform and display Google Trends queries. RGoogleTrends provides an alternative.
- Google Analytics: googleAnalyticsR, and ganalytics provide functions for accessing and retrieving data from the Google Analytics APIs. The latter supports OAuth 2.0 authorization. RGA (archived) provides a shiny app to explore data. searchConsoleR links to the Google Search Console (formerly Webmaster Tools).
- Online Advertising: fbRads can manage Facebook ads via the Facebook Marketing API. RDoubleClick (not on CRAN) can retrieve data from Google’s DoubleClick Campaign Manager Reporting API. RSmartlyIO loads Facebook and Instagram advertising data provided by Smartly.io .
- Other services: RSiteCatalyst has functions for accessing the Adobe Analytics (Omniture SiteCatalyst) Reporting API.
- RAdwords is a package for loading Google Adwords data.
- webreadr can process various common forms of request log, including the Common and Combined Web Log formats and AWS logs.
- WebAnalytics provides tools for analysis of web application performance, workload and user population. There is some overlap with the
webreadr package, but webreader focuses on reading log files, while WebAnalytics focuses on analysing them.
Web Services for R Package Development
- R-Hub http://log.r-hub.io/ is a project to enable package builds across all architectures. rhub is a package that interfaces with R-Hub to allow you to check a package on the platform.
Other Web Services
Push Notifications: RPushbullet provides an easy-to-use interface for the Pushbullet service which provides fast and efficient notifications between computers, phones and tablets. pushoverr can sending push notifications to mobile devices (iOS and Android) and desktop using ‘Pushover’. notifyme can control Phillips Hue lighting.
Reference/bibliography/citation management: rorcid is a programmatic interface the Orcid.org API, which can be used for identifying scientific authors and their publications (e.g., by DOI). rdatacite connects to ‘DataCite’, which manages DOIs and metadata for scholarly datasets. scholar provides functions to extract citation data from Google Scholar. rscopus provides functions to extract citation data from Elsevier Scopus APIs. Convenience functions are also provided for comparing multiple scholars and predicting future h-index values. mathpix convert an image of a formula (typeset or handwritten) via Mathpix webservice to produce the ‘LaTeX’ code. zen4R provides an Interface to ‘Zenodo’ REST API, including management of depositions, attribution of DOIs and upload of files.
Literature: rplos is a programmatic interface to the Web Service methods provided by the Public Library of Science journals for search. europepmc connects to the Europe PubMed Central service. pubmed.mineR is a package for text mining of PubMed Abstracts that supports fetching text and XML from PubMed. jstor provides functions and helpers to import metadata, ngrams and full-texts from Data for Research service by JSTOR. aRxiv is a client for the arXiv API, a repository of electronic preprints for computer science, mathematics, physics, quantitative biology, quantitative finance, and statistics. roadoi provides an interface to the Unpaywall API for finding free full-text versions of academic papers. rcoreoa is an interface to the CORE API, a search interface for open access scholarly articles. rcrossref is an interface to Crossref’s API.
Automated Metadata Harvesting: oai and OAIHarvester harvest metadata using the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) standard.
Wikipedia: WikipediR is a wrapper for the ‘MediaWiki’ API, aimed particularly at the ‘Wikimedia’ “production” wikis, such as ‘Wikipedia’. WikidataR can request data from Wikidata.org, the free knowledgebase. wikipediatrend provides access to Wikipedia page access statistics. WikidataQueryServiceR is a client for the Wikidata Query Service .
bigrquery: An interface to Google’s bigquery.
discgolf provides a client to interact with the API for the ‘Discourse’ web forum platform. The API is for an installed instance of Discourse, not for the Discourse site itself.
mockaRoo (not on CRAN) uses the MockaRoo API to generate mock or fake data based on an input schema.
randNames generates random names and personal identifying information using the https://randomapi.com/ API.
rerddap: A generic R client to interact with any ERDDAP instance, which is a special case of OPeNDAP (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OPeNDAP), or Open-source Project for a Network Data Access Protocol. Allows user to swap out the base URL to use any ERDDAP instance.
RStripe provides an interface to ‘Stripe’, an online payment processor.
slackr is a client for Slack.com messaging platform.
stackr (not on CRAN): An unofficial wrapper for the read-only features of the Stack Exchange API .
useRsnap provides an interface to the API for ‘Usersnap’, a tool for collecting feedback from web application users.
duckduckr is an R interface DuckDuckGo’s Instant Answer API
|Core:||crul, curl, httr, shiny, vcr, webmockr, xml2.|
|Regular:||abbyyR, ajv, analogsea, aRxiv, aws.signature, AzureAuth, AzureContainers, AzureCosmosR, AzureGraph, AzureKusto, AzureQstor, AzureRMR, AzureStor, AzureTableStor, AzureVision, AzureVM, beakr, bigrquery, boilerpipeR, boxr, brandwatchR, captr, clarifai, crunch, crunchy, dataone, datarobot, dataverse, discgolf, downloader, duckduckr, europepmc, FastRWeb, fauxpas, fbRads, fiery, ganalytics, geonapi, geosapi, ggmap, gh, gistr, git2r, gitlabr, gmailr, googleAnalyticsR, googleAuthR, googleCloudStorageR, googleComputeEngineR, googleLanguageR, googlesheets4, googleVis, graphTweets, gsheet, gtrendsR, hackeRnews, htm2txt, htmltidy, htmltools, httpcache, httpcode, httping, httpRequest, httptest, httpuv, imguR, instaR, ipaddress, iptools, jqr, js, jsonlite, jsonvalidate, jstor, languagelayeR, longurl, magrittr, mailR, mapsapi, mathpix, Microsoft365R, mime, mscstexta4r, mscsweblm4r, nanonext, ndjson, notifyme, oai, OAIHarvester, openadds, opencage, opencpu, OpenML, osmplotr, osrm, ows4R, paws, pdftables, plotKML, plotly, plumber, postlightmercury, pubmed.mineR, pushoverr, qualtRics, radiant, RAdwords, randNames, rapiclient, rapport, rcoreoa, Rcrawler, rcrossref, RCurl, rdatacite, rdrop2, redcapAPI, REDCapR, repmis, reqres, request, rerddap, restfulr, Rexperigen, Rfacebook, rfigshare, rgeolocate, RgoogleMaps, rhub, rio, rjson, RJSONIO, Rlinkedin, rLTP, roadoi, ROAuth, robotstxt, Rook, rorcid, rosetteApi, routr, rpinterest, rplos, RPushbullet, rrefine, RSclient, rscopus, rsdmx, RSelenium, Rserve, RSiteCatalyst, RSmartlyIO, RStripe, rtweet, rvest, RYandexTranslate, scholar, searchConsoleR, selectr, seleniumPipes, sendmailR, servr, slackr, spiderbar, streamR, swagger, tidyRSS, transcribeR, twitteR, uaparserjs, urltools, V8, vkR, W3CMarkupValidator, WebAnalytics, webreadr, webshot, webutils, whisker, WikidataQueryServiceR, WikidataR, wikipediatrend, WikipediR, WufooR, XML, XML2R, xslt, yhatr, zen4R.|