sna: Tools for Social Network Analysis

A range of tools for social network analysis, including node and graph-level indices, structural distance and covariance methods, structural equivalence detection, network regression, random graph generation, and 2D/3D network visualization.

Version: 2.7-1
Depends: R (≥ 2.0.0), utils, statnet.common, network
Suggests: rgl, numDeriv, SparseM
Published: 2023-01-24
Author: Carter T. Butts [aut, cre, cph]
Maintainer: Carter T. Butts <buttsc at>
License: GPL-2 | GPL-3 [expanded from: GPL (≥ 2)]
NeedsCompilation: yes
Materials: ChangeLog
In views: Bayesian, GraphicalModels, Optimization
CRAN checks: sna results


Reference manual: sna.pdf


Package source: sna_2.7-1.tar.gz
Windows binaries: r-devel:, r-release:, r-oldrel:
macOS binaries: r-release (arm64): sna_2.7-1.tgz, r-oldrel (arm64): sna_2.7-1.tgz, r-release (x86_64): sna_2.7-1.tgz, r-oldrel (x86_64): sna_2.7-1.tgz
Old sources: sna archive

Reverse dependencies:

Reverse depends: bipartite, CEoptim, cssTools, EloRating, GGPA, hergm, ndtv, NetCluster, relevent, SSrat, statnet
Reverse imports: BasketballAnalyzeR, BGGM, Blaunet, bootcluster, btergm, CEMiTool, CINNA, CluMSID, concorR, conserveR, dnr, ecoCopula, econet, eegc, EGAnet, fcoex, fglsnet, ftsspec, GGMncv, GGMnonreg, ggnetwork, haplotypes, intensitynet, ITNr, latentnet, Linkage, metanetwork, migraph, mlergm, MRPC, netdiffuseR, netmap, netmediate, netplot, networkABC, NetworkExtinction, quanteda.textplots, sfc, spaceNet, statnetWeb, strategicplayers, VBLPCM, WOTPLY
Reverse suggests: asnipe, blockmodeling, discourseGT, equateIRT, ergm, ergMargins, ergmito, GGally, HiveR, miaSim, MSG, network, PhosR, pkggraph, QuantNorm, RGraph2js, sand, tip, tsna, vivid, webSDM


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